History of Olive Oil
Olive kernels were found in Israeli sites dating back to 8000 BC. Historians discovered that around 6,000 BC. olive oil was widely traded, stored and consumed in Galilee. Cultivation of olive trees for oil production took place in Crete around 3,500 BC.
The harvest process has been the same for thousands of years. Farmers harvested the olives by hand. The only difference was in the processing. In the past, the olives were ground to a pulp with the use of animals or hydropower.
The olive pulp wood was placed between braided mats and then in a press. It was pressed by hand, with a simple mechanism, to get the highest quantity of oil.
The oil was then stored in large amphorae, which were sealed with wax to extend the shelf life.